Frequently asked questions

Questions and answers about self-generation

Who is a self-generator?

Self-generators are Hydro-Québec customers who produce electricity using equipment they own and operate to meet part or all of their energy needs. Hydro-Québec offers these customers two support options:

  1. Net metering option:
    The net metering option is for customers connected to the Hydro-Québec grid who want to operate power generation equipment to produce electricity for their own use from renewable sources. This attractive, environmentally-friendly solution can help self-generators optimize their energy use as part of a global vision of energy efficiency.
  2. Self-generation without compensation plan:
    The self-generation without compensation plan is for customers connected to the Hydro-Québec grid who want to operate power generation to produce electricity for their own use, and are not eligible for the net metering option.
How does the net metering rate option work?

This rate option allows eligible self-generators to feed their surplus power into the Hydro-Québec grid in exchange for credits in kilowatthours. These credits are applied to the self-generator's electricity bill. Inversely, if customers do not generate enough power for their needs, they can draw electricity from the grid and benefit from the reliability of Hydro-Québec's power supply.

In addition to sending an electricity bill, payable by the due date, Hydro-Québec sends its self-generation customers a statement with a detailed breakdown of the electricity they have consumed.

How does the self-generation without compensation plan work?

This plan allows customers to generate electricity from any source, while maintaining access to Hydro-Québec's grid at all times. Customers may also inject surplus power onto Hydro-Québec's grid without compensation provided they have Hydro-Québec's approval.

In addition to sending an electricity bill, payable by the due date, Hydro-Québec sends its self-generation customers a statement with a detailed breakdown of the electricity they have consumed.

What types of customers are eligible for net metering?

Residential or agricultural customers (Rate D or DM, without billed power demand*) and small-power business customers (Rate G, without billed power demand*) who are able to meet their own electricity needs from a renewable energy source can choose the net metering option.

These customers must operate their own generating equipment, located on the same premises as the delivery point specified on their electricity service contract.

* Less than 50 kW.

What kinds of energy are eligible for the net metering option?

Only renewable energy sources are eligible:

  • Hydropower
  • Wind power
  • Solar energy (photovoltaic)
  • Bioenergy (biogas or forest biomass)
  • Geothermal energy (for electricity generation only)
Can self-generators sell their electricity to Hydro-Québec?

No. Current regulations do not allow Hydro-Québec to buy electricity without a call for tenders. However, self-generators may feed their surplus power into the Hydro-Québec grid according to certain well-defined criteria. In exchange, Hydro-Québec will grant credits in kilowatthours to self-generators enrolled in the net metering option. These customers can thus reduce their electricity bills during periods when their consumption exceeds their capacity to generate power.

Are self-generators responsible for the cost of installing their generating equipment?

Yes. Customers must assume all the costs of installing their generating equipment, while complying with the Distributor's commercial and technical requirements.

Does Hydro-Québec offer any grants to self-generators?

Hydro-Québec does not provide any financial assistance to customers enrolled in the net metering option or the self-generation without compensation plan.

Why isn’t self-generation financed in Québec like it is in Ontario where self-generators who produce solar power receive $0.42/kWh?

Hydro-Québec offers the net metering rate option to support self-generation. It is not for the purpose of electricity supply. This option is designed to help customers meet all or part of their energy needs, not to sell their surplus power to the Distributor. In Ontario, the situation is very different. Since that province's energy mix is less diversified, the conditions governing self generation are different.

What happens to the electricity service contract when the self-generator moves or the account holder changes?

A request for electricity service must be submitted to Hydro-Québec by the prospective contract holder or their duly authorized representative. The applicant must also submit a new application to enroll in the net metering option or the self-generation without compensation plan. We will then inspect and approve the facility. For more details, contact customer services the number on the back of your electricity bill.

Can a self-generator subscribe to the equalized payments plan (EPP)?

No. This payment plan is not compatible with the net metering option or the self-generation without compensation plan. However, self-generators may use preauthorized debit to pay their bills every two months.

Who can customers contact for help in completing the technical sections of the Net Metering Enrollment Application?

Customers can ask a master electrician or an engineering firm. A reference guide is also available.

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