• Rights specified in the Conditions of Service
  • Overhead and underground servitudes
Overhead DISTRIBUTION lines consist of wires supported by utility poles about 10 metres (30 feet) high.
These poles are most often made of wood but are sometimes concrete.

Rights specified in the Conditions of Service

As set out in Section 14.2 and 14.3 of the Conditions of Service:

  • Hydro-Québec must be able to install free of charge, on the property served or to be served, in locations that are readily accessible, safe and agreed upon with you or the owner of the electrical installation, as the case may be, all equipment required for electricity service, control and metering, including power distribution system equipment if any part of the system is to be used to supply electricity to the said property.
  • Hydro-Québec must also be able to install such equipment free of charge after initial energization, in locations that are readily accessible, safe and agreed upon with you or the owner of the electrical installation, as the case may be.
  • Hydro-Québec has the right to seal, free of charge, any point where a connection could be made on the line side of the metering equipment.
  • Hydro-Québec has the right to use the subsoil free of charge for the installation, maintenance, connection, operation, modification, extension and use of power distribution system equipment.
  • Hydro-Québec and its representatives must be able to access the property served to install, operate, inspect, maintain, repair, modify or remove all equipment belonging to it, to collect meter data, to check whether your electricity use complies the Conditions of service and to interrupt or restore electricity service.

Aerial and underground servitudes

A servitude is a property right conferred by a notarial deed, enforceable against
third parties, that describes the rights and obligations of the parties and generally
indicates the site (surface area or geographic area) of the servitude encumbering the property.

Hydro-Québec’s servitudes, or easements, include certain rights and restrictions:

  • The right to install, add, maintain and operate overhead and underground telecommunications and power distribution lines on the site of the servitude
  • The right to authorize individuals, public utilities and municipalities to install, add and operate lines, cables, conduits, equipment and accessories on the site of the servitude, including underground and in the overhang
  • The right to fell, prune, remove or destroy any type of vegetation (trees, shrubs, branches, roots) through any means and at any time
  • The right to prune trees within 4 metres of lines, even if the trees are growing outside the site of the servitude
  • The right to move about on foot or by vehicle on the site of the servitude and outside the servitude whenever necessary
  • The prohibition against building or erecting a structure on the site of the servitude, including underground and in the overhang, except for a fence with a gate, an ornamental hedge or a paved driveway
  • The prohibition against modifying the ground elevation

To request a change to a servitude

Get in touch with us to request to have the area of a servitude reduced, to have it revoked, or to obtain a waiver of compliance.

Administrative fees generally apply for any request that requires the intervention of several Hydro-Québec representatives.

In addition to administrative fees, revoking a servitude or reducing its area involves a fee corresponding to the market value of the transaction.

Any notary and surveying fees must also be borne by the applicant.

Request regarding work near distribution lines

Do you believe that Hydro-Québec has a servitude on property you own?

To determine whether there is a Hydro-Québec servitude on your property:

  • check your certificate of location
  • consult the Registre foncier du Québec (Québec land register)
  • contact your notary or a land surveyor

Hydro-Québec is not required to:

  • confirm the existence of a servitude or right on a piece of land
  • confirm the accuracy of a certificate of location
  • conduct a title search
  • determine who owns title to a piece of land

Note: Hydro-Québec may have real property rights even when servitudes do not appear in the Registre foncier (land register).