Hydro-Québec: an important debt issuer on financial markets

The funds gathered by the company allow it to finance its development and ensure the long-term operability of its assets.

  • Presence on almost all the major fixed income markets: Canadian, American and European.
  • Public bond issues and private offerings. View the Borrowing program tab.
  • Long-term debt (including current portion and perpetual debt)1: $45.3 billion, including $43.7 billion in guaranteed debentures and medium-term notes.

Debt characteristics1

Average maturity: 17 years

Breakdown by fixed and floating rate Note 2

Fixed-rate: 87.5%
Floating-rate: 12.5%

Breakdown by repayment currency Note 2

C$: 100%
US$: 0%

Breakdown by currency at time of issue

C$: 83.0%
US$: 17.0%

Hydro-Québec’s Assets1

  • Over 99% of power generated from renewables
  • 28 large reservoirs with a storage capacity of 176.5 TWh
  • Installed capacity of 37,309 MW
  • Stable regulatory environment
  • Domestic market of more than 4.2 million customer accounts
  • Rates amongst the lowest in North America
  • Proximity and access to neighboring provinces and United States export markets
  • Debt unconditionally guaranteed by the Québec government
  • Sound financial management
Comparaison des prix de l’électricité dans les grandes villes nord-américaines
Electricity Generation in Canada and the United States

Hydro–Québec has four divisions1 :

Hydro-Québec Production (HQP)

Generates power to supply the domestic market and sells power on wholesale markets. Uses water to generate more than 99% of its output.

  • 63 generating facilities connected to the grid, including 62 hydroelectric generating stations
  • 28 large reservoirs with a storage capacity of 176.5 TWh
  • net electricity exports of $1,575 million for 34.4 TWh

Heritage pool electricity

The activities of Hydro-Québec Production are not regulated. However, the division must provide Hydro-Québec Distribution with a base volume of up to 165 TWh of heritage pool electricity to supply Québec customers.

Hydro-Québec TransÉnergie (HQT)

Operates one of the most extensive transmission systems in North America, serving customers inside and outside Québec.

  • 34,207 km of lines
  • 522 substations, including interconnections with some of the Atlantic provinces, Ontario and the U.S. Northeast

Markets system capacity and manages power flows across the province. Works to ensure the development, reliability and long-term operability of its system.

Its Direction – Contrôle des mouvements d’énergie acts as Reliability Coordinator for transmission systems in Québec.

Regulation of transmission activities – 2018*

Electricity transmission operations are regulated by the Régie de l’énergie on the basis of cost of service. The rates and conditions of service, approved by the Régie de l’énergie, ensure non-discriminatory access to the system.

Capitalization 70% debt
30% equity
Return on rate base 6.997%
Return on equity 8.2%
Revenue requirement 3,341 M$
Rate base 20,647 M$

*In accordance with decision D-2018-035, rendered by the Régie de l'énergie on March 28, 2018.

Hydro–Québec Distribution (HQD)

Ensures a reliable supply of electricity for the Québec market.

To meet electricity demand, the division relies primarily on the heritage pool of 165 TWh supplied by Hydro-Québec Production. The division also purchases additional electricity under market conditions by issuing short and long-term calls for tenders. Through various initiatives, it also encourages its customers to make efficient use of electricity.

  • 224,033 km of lines
  • 4,279,496 customer accounts
  • one hydroelectric generating station, 23 thermal generating stations, 272 km of transmission lines and 11 substations to serve customers on off-grid systems
  • 170.7 TWh of electricity sales in Québec in 2017

Regulation of distribution activities – 2018*

Electricity distribution operations are regulated on the basis of cost of service. The rates and conditions of electricity service are approved by the Régie de l’énergie.

Capitalization 65% debt
35% equity
Return on rate base 7.083%
Return on equity 8.2%
Revenue requirement 11,820 M$
Rate base 10,710 M$

Authorized rate increase, effective April 1, 2018:

  • all rates, with the exception of the industrial rate (Rate L): 0.3%
  • industrial rate (Rate L): 0.0%

*In accordance with decision D-2018-025, rendered by the Régie de l'énergie on March 7, 2018.

Hydro-Québec Innovation, équipement et services partagés (HQIESP)

The Construction segment includes activities related to the projects carried out by Hydro‐Québec Innovation, équipement et services partagés (HQIESP) and by Société d’énergie de la Baie James (SEBJ).

HQIESP is responsible for construction and refurbishment projects throughout Québec, except in the territory governed by the James Bay and Northern Québec Agreement (JBNQA). SEBJ builds generating facilities in the territory governed by the JBNQA (north of the 49th parallel) and may also carry out certain projects elsewhere in Québec and outside the province.

Construction Segment at a glance

Volume of activity $2.5 billion
Main customers
Hydro–Québec Production 30%
Hydro–Québec TransÉnergie 67%

IR Newsletter

The IR Newsletter is an electronic bulletin that informs you about Hydro-Québec’s major financial news.

  1. As at December 31, 2017.
  2. Including derivatives, which consist of swaps and forward contracts traded for purposes of managing long-term risk related to debt.
Terms and conditions of disclosure

The content of this site is intended for general information purposes only and should not be construed as an offer to sell or a solicitation of offers to purchase securities.

It has not been approved by any regulatory body and is not sufficient for the purpose of deciding to purchase securities. The information, when released, was considered reliable as of that date.

However, errors or omissions may have resulted from electronic conversion, downloading or unauthorized modifications. No warranty is being made by Hydro‑Québec as to the accuracy or completeness of the information provided on this site. Users from outside the Province of Québec are sole responsible for complying with their national, provincial or state laws and regulations.

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