Quebecers are among the world’s largest consumers of electricity. This is explained by two main factors. First, a large amount of energy is consumed during the harsh Québec winters, especially for heating. Second, owing to the development of abundant hydropower resources in the late 1970s, most Quebecers turned to electric heating to heat their homes and water. Through this choice, they greatly reduced their dependence on oil products, adopting a minimally polluting energy source. This partly explains Québec’s exemplary performance in terms of GHG emissions.