In Québec, transportation accounts for 41% of GHG emissions, the main cause of climate change. This sector’s share has increased 20% since 1990, while emissions from other sectors have dropped 20%. Transportation is also responsible for air pollution in cities and emits many types of unhealthy contaminants.
Through our efforts to innovate and to mobilize stakeholders, we play an active role in the fight against climate change, particularly by promoting electrification of transportation, which is a Québec government priority.
IREQ is developing new battery materials with a threefold objective: increasing safety, improving performance and reducing costs. Our researchers also work on various experimental projects involving vehicle-to-grid (V2G) and vehicle-home energy exchanges. IREQ has partnered with some of the industry’s leading players, including Sony (Japan), Arkema (France), BASF (Germany) and the U.S. Department of Energy. To date, IREQ has granted 30 active licences and acquired 817 patents related to energy storage and conversion.
Activities in 2016
- Research on electrolytes and batteries got underway at a laboratory jointly run by Hydro-Québec subsidiary SCE France and Arkema at Chemstart’up, a business service centre in Lacq, France. This work has led to the filing of two patent applications in Europe.
- MD9 electriCITY, a new platform for electric buses, was unveiled by Temsa, a Turkish manufacturer of buses, coaches and light trucks. The platform is equipped with a SUMO™ motor system produced by TM4.
- 65 recharging stations (17 of which are available to the public) were installed in 32 Hydro-Québec buildings under Branché au travail, a program that encourages the installation of electric charging stations on business premises.
- We contributed financially to the Société de transport de Laval project to integrate rechargeable hybrid buses.
- We reinforced our commitment to supporting the development of an electric public transit infrastructure through two projects in particular: the Réseau électrique métropolitain, a light rail system proposed by CDPQ Infra; and Cité Mobilité Montréal project to acquire electric buses, piloted by the Société de transport de Montréal.
By the end of 2016, the Electric Circuit a Hydro-Québec initiative—boasted 794 charging stations, including 728 240-V stations and 66 fast-charge stations (400 V), in 16 of Québec’s 17 administrative regions. The network of fast-charge stations grew quickly, going from 29 to 66 stations in one year. These are located mainly along Highway 20 between Montréal and the Bas-Saint-Laurent region and the roads encircling Gaspésie. Starting in 2016, the better to meet members’ needs, Electric Circuit partners have been offering by-the-hour charging at their regular 240-V stations.
In 2017 the Electric Circuit will make its first foray outside Québec. The network will extend along four major roadways in northeastern Ontario into Ottawa and as far as Prescott, by way of Cornwall.