Portrait of Indigenous Nations

Québec is home to 11 Indigenous nations that account for about 1% of the province’s population. More than half of these Indigenous peoples live in 55 communities. Each nation has it own culture, language and social organization. The level of social and economic development varies widely not only from one nation to the next but also from one community to the next within the same nation. Geographic location also plays a crucial role in daily life in Indigenous communities.

English is the language of communication with Hydro-Québec for about two-thirds of these communities, the other one-third communicate in French. Numerous place names testify to the presence of Indigenous peoples on the land and are of great historic and place memory value. These names are how the land tells its story.

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