An electric vehicle causes less harm to the environment over its entire life cycle than a gas-powered vehicle.

Electric vehicles produce much lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions than gas-powered vehicles. This is true even when taking into account the vehicle’s entire life cycle, from extracting the resources used to make it to scrapping it at the end of its life.

With an electric vehicle, the biggest environmental impact is produced during manufacturing. With an internal combustion vehicle, the greatest impact is generated during the utilization stage.

Over its entire life cycle, an electric vehicle (EV) that runs on hydroelectricity will produce lower GHG emissions than a gas-powered vehicle. At 150,000 km, the electric vehicle will have emitted 65% less greenhouse gasses than a gas-powered vehicle. At 300,000 km, the electric vehicle will have emitted 80% less greenhouse gasses than a gas-powered vehicle.

Consult a comparative analysis of the life cycles of electric and conventional vehicles in the Québec context.

Polluting emissions by vehicle type

Gas-powered vehicles emit the most polluting emissions, followed by conventional hybrid vehicles. Plug-in hybrids emit still less polluting emissions than conventional vehicles. Electric vehicles produce no polluting emissions.

Source of energy

Consumption

Emissions

Conventional

Hybrid

Plug-in hybrid

All-electric

NO
EMISSIONS