Date Event Standards development
1965 Northeast Blackout(major outage) No mandatory standards in the United States

No mandatory standards in Québec – Hydro-Québec voluntarily applies existing standards
1966 Creation of the NPCC
1968 Creation of NERC
1996 WSCC Blackout
(major outage)
1997 WSCC
(Compliance Program)
2003 Northeast Blackout
(massive outage)
2006 Energy Policy Act

Designation of NERC as electric reliability organization (ERO) for the United States by FERC

Enactment of Bill 52 in Québec
The Energy Policy Act gave new powers to FERC and instituted the regime of mandatory standards in the United States.

The new law gave the Régie de l’énergie new powers to monitor the application of mandatory standards in Québec.
2007 Designation of the Reliability Coordinator for Québec The Régie de l’énergie designated CME as Reliability Coordinator.
2009 Agreements signed for the development of reliability standards and monitoring their application The Régie de l’énergie enters into agreements with NERC and NPCC.
2011 Southwest Blackout
(major outage)
NERC updates the definition of BES to use specific criteria to designate facilities.
2014 New definition of the BES issued by NERC
2015 Coming into force of the mandatory standards regime in Québec The Régie de l’énergie put Québec’s first mandatory reliability standards into effect.
2016 Coming into force of the Sanctions Guide The Régie de l’énergie designates DPCMEER as Reliability Coordinator and brings into force the Sanction Guide for the Enforcement of the Reliability Standards in Effect in Québec.
2017 Change in the designation of the Reliability Coordinator for Québec


FERC Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
ERO Electric Reliability Organization
NERC North American Electric Reliability Corporation
NPCC Northeastern Power Coordinating Council
WECC Western Electric Coordinating Council
CME Contrôle des mouvements d’énergie [system control], initially a Hydro-Québec unit and later a directorate
DPCMEER Hydro-Québec’s Direction principale – Contrôle des mouvements d’énergie et exploitation du réseau [system control and operation]
BES Bulk Electric System