What is the energy transition?
The energy transition can be defined as all the changes in
electricity generation methods and transmission and
distribution systems throughout the world as well as current
energy consumption habits.
In other words, the energy transition represents all the
changes undertaken to reduce the environmental impact of
generating, transporting, distributing and consuming energy,
in particular by replacing fossil fuels with clean,
renewable energy sources.
What are the issues facing the energy transition?
More than ever, the energy transition is a social,
environmental and economic priority. It involves a
significant decarbonization of human activities, which means
that fossil fuels must progressively be replaced by energy
solutions combining energy efficiency and renewable energy
within a growing demographic context and the corresponding
increase in demand.
This major challenge is nevertheless necessary in reaching
GHG reduction targets that will help limit
What are the sources of GHG emissions in Québec?
Residential, commercial and institutional sectors
Electricity generation sector
Source: Ministère du Développement durable, de l’Environnement et de la Lutte contre les changements climatiques. Data from 2017.
What is the breakdown of energy sources used in Québec?
Our clean, renewable electricity is the envy of the world.
However, it represents only 35% of the total energy consumed
in Québec. In other words, fossil fuels (natural gas and
hydrocarbons from outside Québec) make up 65% of all the
energy consumed. The time has come to use our clean energy to
decarbonize Québec and drive its economic development.
Where does Hydro-Québec stand with regard to the
Our Strategic Plan 2020–2024 outlines
strategies that will help us continue to play a key role in
implementing a low-carbon economy.
One of the plan’s objectives is to contribute to the
reduction of GHG emissions across all our markets,
particularly by encouraging the electrification of
industrial companies and attracting new foreign companies
that also want to decarbonize their activities or transition
to a renewable energy source.
Our Strategic Plan 2020–2024, our
interventions undertaken in the area of sustainable
development and our corporate strategies are all perfectly
aligned with the Québec government’s plan for a
green economy, the
Plan d’économie verte (PEV).
The plan’s objective is to help Québec reach
its GHG emission reduction target, namely 37.5% less in 2030
than in 1990. How?
By electrifying Québec’s economy
(transportation, industrial activities, buildings):
The transportation industry is already off to a good
start. By developing innovative battery and motor
technologies for electric vehicles, setting up a vast
network of charging stations and generating clean,
renewable power, Hydro-Québec is actively
participating in the electrification
By using energy and resources efficiently, in particular
by maximizing energy efficiency in processes involved in
planning, generating and consuming electricity.